Nonprofits typically pay women less than they do men, says a new report.
Women play bigger roles at smaller nonprofits, while men play larger roles at larger nonprofits, says the report by GuideStar, a national database of nonprofit organizations.
The report also finds that salaries typically are highest at social, scientific and medical research groups, and lowest at human services, animal and food-related groups.
The 1,368-page report, which GuideStar says is the biggest ever on nonprofit compensation and the first based exclusively on data filed with the Internal Revenue Service, includes data from Form 990 and Schedule A filed with the IRS by nearly 75,000 nonprofits with at least one paid position.
The gap between female and male CEOs ranges from 15.5 percent in nonprofits with budgets of $500,000 to $1 million, to 43 percent in nonprofits with budgets of more than $5 million.
Compensation for women trails that of men in all job categories except operations officers in nonprofits with budgets of $500,000 to $1 million, with women earning 9.6 percent more than their male counterparts.
Median salaries for CEOs of nonprofits in medical research, social or scientific work range from 21 percent to 60 percent higher than for CEOs of comparably sized nonprofits in other areas.
And median CEO salaries generally are 5 percent to 20 percent lower at human service and animal-related nonprofits.
Median CEO compensation at food-related charities with budgets of more tan $5 million trailed the group media by 44.6 percent.
Women hold 54.3 percent of CEO jobs at nonprofits with budgets of $500,000 or less, while men hold 63.7 percent of CEO jobs at nonprofits with budgets of more than $500,000 and 76 percent of CEO jobs at nonprofits with budgets of more than $5 million.