The U.S. ranks behind six other countries in private philanthropy, a new Johns Hopkins study says.
The study, conducted by the Center for Civil Society Studies at the school’s Institute for Policy Studies, finds the Netherlands in the lead, followed by Sweden, Tanzania, Norway, France and Britain.
The ranking evaluates private philanthropy, which includes cash and in-kind gifts from individuals, businesses and foundations, as well as the value of volunteer time, as a percentage of gross domestic product.
Giving in the Netherlands accounted for 4.4 percent of GDP, compared to 2.5 percent for the U.S., the study says.
The study does not include giving to religious congregations because data were not available for all countries, the study says.
The U.S. leads the world in giving when the value of volunteer time is excluded.