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Management statistics

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U.S. NONPROFITS

  • Over 1.4 million U.S. nonprofits
    • Registered with IRS, including:
      • public charities
      • foundations
      • tax-exempt groups like trade associations, labor unions
    • 5.2 percent of gross domestic product
    • 8.3 percent of wages and salaries paid in U.S.
  • Public charities: Over 845,000
  • Public charities reporting to IRS: Over 299,000
  • All nonprofits:
    • $1.4 trillion in revenue
    • $3 trillion in assets
  • Revenue of public charities reporting to IRS:
    • Fees for services and sales of goods: 71 percent
    • Private contributions: 12.5 percent
    • Government grants: 9 percent
  • Private contributions to public charities:
    • Individuals: 83 percent
    • Foundations: 11 percent
    • Corporations: 5 percent

Source: The Nonprofit Sector in Brief, Facts and Figures from the Nonprofit Almanac 2007, National Center for Charitable Statistics

Number of 501(c)3 organizations in U.S., including private foundations:

  • 2006 — 1,064,161
  • 2005 — 1,045,979
  • 2004 — 1,010,365
  • 2003 — 964,418

Source: Internal Revenue Service Data Book, 2006


AVERAGE RETURN ON ASSETS

  • U.S. foundations: 13.7 percent, fiscal 2006
    • 8.1 percent, fiscal 2005
    • 11.4 percent, fiscal 2004
    • 17.8 percent, fiscal 2003
  • Higher-education endowments: 10.6 percent, fiscal 2006
    • 9.7 percent, fiscal 2005
  • Nonprofit health-care organizations: 6.3 percent, fiscal 2005
    • 8.2 percent, fiscal 2004

Source: Commonfund Institute

  • Higher-education endowment funds:
    • 10.7 percent, fiscal 2006
    • 9.3 percent, fiscal 2005

Source: National Association of College and University Business Officers


NONPROFIT EMPLOYMENT, U.S.

  • 9.4 million paid workers, second quarter 2004
  • 4.7 million volunteers (full-time equivalent), second quarter 2004
  • Growth, paid workers and volunteers, 2002 to 2004: 5.3 percent
  • Wages, nonprofit paid workforce, 2004: $321.6 billion
  • Average weekly wage, nonprofit sector: $627
    • Average weekly wage, for-profit sector: $669

Source: Nonprofit Employment Data Project, The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies


U.S. CIVIL-SOCIETY SECTOR (1995)

  • Employed over 8.5 million people,
    • 6.3 percent of economically active population
  • 7.2 million volunteers
    • 5.2 percent of economically active population
  • Expenditures over $547.5 million
    • 7.5 percent of gross domestic product

Source: Global Civil Society: Dimensions of the Nonprofit Sector, Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies, 1999

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